Points of bone and antler from the Late Mesolithic settlement in Motala, eastern central Sweden

  • geschrieben von Sara Gummesson, Fredrik Molin
  • doi: 10.23797/9783529018619-10

chapter 10 (pp. 263–287)

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chapter 1 (pp. 15–111)

Re-evaluation of the site Hohen Viecheln 1

chapter 2 (pp. 113–126)

Radiocarbon dating bone and antler artefacts from Mesolithic Hohen Viecheln (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany)

chapter 3 (pp. 127–162)

The osseous technology of Hohen Viecheln: A Maglemosian idiosyncrasy?

chapter 5 (pp. 179–192)

Nordic Visits to Hohen Viecheln, Mecklenburg

chapter 6 (pp. 193–201)

The Mesolithic bone industries of northeast Germany and their geo-archaeological background

chapter 7 (pp. 203–238)

Early Mesolithic bone points from Schleswig-Holstein

chapter 8 (pp. 239–254)

Early Mesolithic hunting strategies for red deer, roe deer and wild boar at Friesack 4, a three-stage Preboreal and Boreal site in northern Germany

chapter 9 (pp. 255–262)

Lost at the bottom of the lake. Early and Middle Mesolithic leister points found in the bog Rönneholms Mosse, southern Sweden

chapter 11 (pp. 289–303)

The Early Mesolithic fisheries of southern Scandinavia

chapter 12 (pp. 305–318)

The Early Mesolithic bone and antler industry in Latvia, eastern Baltic

chapter 13 (pp. 319–339)

Early Mesolithic barbed bone points in the Volga-Oka interfluve

chapter 14 (pp. 341–365)

Bone and antler projectile points from the Meso-Neolithic site Zamostje 2, Moscow region, Russia

chapter 15 (pp. 367–382)

Early Mesolithic bone projectile points of the Urals

chapter 16 (pp. 383–404)

Hunting beneath the waves. Bone and antler points from North Sea Doggerland off the Dutch coast

chapter 17 (pp. 419–432)

Understanding the bone and antler assemblages from Star Carr

chapter 18 (pp. 405–418)

Excavations at Star Carr: past and present

Open Access

Inhalt

Excavations in Motala, eastern central Sweden, have yielded a large and diverse material of osseous tools
dating from the Late Mesolithic, c. 6000–4500 cal. BC. The assembled collection comprises some 1500 pieces.
About half of the identified tool types consist of different types of bone points among which barbed points
dominate. The utilised raw materials were predominantly red deer (Cervus elaphus) metatarsals and antler,
but other elements do also occur, as do bones from other species such as elk (Alces alces) and roe deer
(Capreolus capreolus).
More than 450 fragments of barbed points have been identified and interpreted as leister points or
harpoon heads. The barbed points were classified morphologically according to the general appearance of
their corpuses (setting of barbs), but more specifically to their basal ends. Aside from harpoons eight different
groups of leister points were defined. The leister points are interpreted as prongs or single-hafted points
for fish-spears. Plain bone points are the second largest group; these may be sorted into several types, which
are primarily interpreted as projectiles like arrowheads. Small bullet-like arrowheads and some rhombic
points as well as club-shaped points made of antler are also present. Slotted points appear in two different
types, either with uni- or bi-lateral edges.
Based on the collection from the site Strandvägen and with the help of defined morphological groups as well
as a large number of radiocarbon dates, we have identified a change in the utilisation of fishing implements
at Motala at c. 5000 cal. BC. The change is detected as a discontinuation in the use of barbed leister points
and a possible shift from bi-laterally to uni-laterally slotted points in addition to decreasing human activities
on the settlement in general, despite a continued presence at the site.

Gummesson, S., Molin, F.: Points of bone and antler from the Late Mesolithic settlement in Motala, eastern central Sweden, in: Gross et al. (edd.), Working at The Sharp End at Hohen Viecheln, Untersuchungen und Materialien zur Steinzeit in Schleswig-Holstein und im Ostseeraum, Vol. 10, pp. 263–287, DOI: 10.23797/9783529018619-10.