Early Mesolithic bone projectile points of the Urals

  • geschrieben von Svetlana Savchenko
  • doi: 10.23797/9783529018619-15

chapter 15 (pp. 367–382)

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chapter 1 (pp. 15–111)

Re-evaluation of the site Hohen Viecheln 1

chapter 2 (pp. 113–126)

Radiocarbon dating bone and antler artefacts from Mesolithic Hohen Viecheln (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany)

chapter 3 (pp. 127–162)

The osseous technology of Hohen Viecheln: A Maglemosian idiosyncrasy?

chapter 5 (pp. 179–192)

Nordic Visits to Hohen Viecheln, Mecklenburg

chapter 6 (pp. 193–201)

The Mesolithic bone industries of northeast Germany and their geo-archaeological background

chapter 7 (pp. 203–238)

Early Mesolithic bone points from Schleswig-Holstein

chapter 8 (pp. 239–254)

Early Mesolithic hunting strategies for red deer, roe deer and wild boar at Friesack 4, a three-stage Preboreal and Boreal site in northern Germany

chapter 9 (pp. 255–262)

Lost at the bottom of the lake. Early and Middle Mesolithic leister points found in the bog Rönneholms Mosse, southern Sweden

chapter 10 (pp. 263–287)

Points of bone and antler from the Late Mesolithic settlement in Motala, eastern central Sweden

chapter 11 (pp. 289–303)

The Early Mesolithic fisheries of southern Scandinavia

chapter 12 (pp. 305–318)

The Early Mesolithic bone and antler industry in Latvia, eastern Baltic

chapter 13 (pp. 319–339)

Early Mesolithic barbed bone points in the Volga-Oka interfluve

chapter 14 (pp. 341–365)

Bone and antler projectile points from the Meso-Neolithic site Zamostje 2, Moscow region, Russia

chapter 16 (pp. 383–404)

Hunting beneath the waves. Bone and antler points from North Sea Doggerland off the Dutch coast

chapter 17 (pp. 419–432)

Understanding the bone and antler assemblages from Star Carr

chapter 18 (pp. 405–418)

Excavations at Star Carr: past and present


During excavations of peat bog and cave sites various Early Mesolithic projectile points of the Urals were
obtained. Nowadays these artefacts include bone arrowheads and harpoons. Stone projectile points of this
period have not been found yet. Early Mesolithic bone arrowheads were found at the site Syun II in the
southeastern Urals, the bottom layers of the Beregovaya I and II sites in the Gorbunovo peat bog, and in
Lobvinskaya cave in the middle Trans-Urals as well as in Shaitanskaya cave in the northern Trans-Urals. 55
Early Mesolithic arrowheads are known. They comprise three typological groups – needle-shaped, narrow
flat, and one-winged projectile points. Massive needle-shaped arrowheads obviously emerge first.
Needle-shaped arrowheads with one long slot and short ones without slots are dated to the early to middle
Preboreal period. In the second half of this period narrow flat symmetric and asymmetric arrowheads with
and without slots were used together with needle-shaped ones. Asymmetric slotted arrowheads are a specific
Urals type not known in other areas. One-winged arrowheads with a barb or without it also emerge at that
Harpoons were also used during the Early Mesolithic in the Urals. Uni-lateral harpoons with a widened
base with a notch were found in the bottom find level of the Beregovaya II site. The technological scheme
of the manufacture of bone arrowheads was already established during the Early Mesolithic in the Urals. It
could be traced here also during the Middle and Late Mesolithic and the Early Neolithic. Many types of Early
Mesolithic arrowheads in the Urals are similar even in detail to Mesolithic arrowheads from Eastern Europe.
This is evident not only in the shape of arrowheads, but also in the technology of their manufacture. It indicates
population contacts across the Urals and Eastern Europe since the Early Mesolithic. At the same time
specific types of artefacts such as narrow flat asymmetric arrowheads indicate different traditions among
population of these territories, too. Comparable differences are observed between several regions of Eastern
Europe, indicating that several groups comprising a cultural unity existed in this territory – including the
Urals – during the Mesolithic.

Savchenko, S.: Early Mesolithic bone projectile points of the Urals, in: Gross et al. (edd.), Working at The Sharp End at Hohen Viecheln, Untersuchungen und Materialien zur Steinzeit in Schleswig-Holstein und im Ostseeraum, Vol. 10, pp. 367–382, DOI: 10.23797/9783529018619-15.